famous david bowie songs

It’s uneven, but contains some incredible songs, not least Boys Keep Swinging, which condensed the kind of sonic overload found on “Heroes” into a sparky three-minute pop song, complete with lyrics that archly, camply celebrated machismo. The difference between Let’s Dance and Bowie’s other 80s pop albums is that his heart was in it; even if he was largely out to make money, he made an effort. A croony ballad that became Bowie’s second hit, a few years after his first (“Space Oddity”). By his own account so out of control he couldn’t even remember recording it, Bowie somehow contrived to make Station to Station a work of awesome power and focus, as evidenced by the lengthy title track. Nearly two decades after its release, it got a second life when it was used to great effect in ‘Trainspotting.’ And then it made it to an even wider crowd when it was used in Royal Carribean’s commercials. The album Lodger opened with that rarest of things in the Bowie canon, a protest song. Glam doo-wop decorated with bursts of fizzing synthesiser, Drive-In Saturday is one of Bowie’s greatest singles, despite its peculiar lyrical premise. David Bowie's 50 greatest songs – ranked! If its title track signalled his temporary abandonment of the avant garde, it’s still a superb song, nervier and stranger than its global smash status might suggest. A song allegedly based on stories about Detroit that Iggy Pop told Bowie, over a very Bo Diddley-esque beat, played by Mike “Woody” Woodmansey on drums and future Journey and Whitesnake member Aynsley Dunbar on percussion. There are two versions of the song: a shorter one which opens the movie, with the music coming the film’s composer Trevor Jones. Halloween Jack, the persona Bowie adopted on Diamond Dogs, never enjoyed the same cultural impact as Ziggy Stardust or the Thin White Duke. Starman’s epochal Top of the Pops performance is probably the most celebrated piece of music television in British history. Aladdin Sane’s Ziggy-goes-to-America concept in miniature, The Jean Genie is tougher and sleazier than anything on Ziggy Stardust – its I’m A Man-ish guitar riff and bursts of harmonica sound absolutely filthy. What it would have sounded like had Bowie’s original plan to give the song to Elvis Presley is anyone’s guess. While I was reading these David Bowie quotes, I forgot how often I would jam out to his music. As crazy as that might seem, they got a better song (or at least one that suited them better) when Bowie came back with “All The Young Dudes,” which was, by far, their biggest hit. But not every new thing [should be chased].” Holly Palmer ended up doing the backing vocals on the song. Bowie’s cover of the Velvet Underground’s classic. Ostensibly the tragic, French-chanson-and-50s pop-influenced finale to the Ziggy Stardust story, Rock’n’Roll Suicide’s epic coda seemed to take on a different, celebratory meaning as Bowie’s star rose, his howl of “You’re not alone / Give me your hands / You’re wonderful” summing up his effect on his fans. David Bowie on the Dutch TV show TopPop in 1974. That’s apparent on ‘Aladdin Sane,’ which features a cover of “Let’s Spend The Night Together.” But even that doesn’t sound as Stonesy as “Watch That Man.”. Bowie’s fabulous, valedictory farewell to glam, Rebel Rebel is essentially a loving salute to the kids Bowie had inspired, a metaphorical arm around the shoulder of every teenage misfit who had ever posed in a bedroom mirror. “Nothing to do, nothing to say/Blue, blue/I will sit right down/Waiting for the gift of sound and vision.”. Hailed as a return to peak form on release, Black Tie White Noise was nothing of the sort, but its first single was authentically fantastic. David Bowie, David Cassidy and Cat Stevens have all been cited by the press as speculative candidates. Before Blackstar was revealed as the most exquisitely staged final act in rock history, it sounded thrillingly like a new beginning. One of Bowie’s most straight-ahead blues rockers features a character inspired by Stooges frontman Iggy Pop, a huge influence on Bowie (and a future collaborator). Talk about setting the scene: the opening track from ‘The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars’ kicks things off by notifying earth that it only has five years left before being destroyed by some kind of disaster. Was it about Bowie or was it about us? David Bowie: lead vocals, acoustic guitar, saxophone, string/flute arrangements Mick Ronson: electric guitar, piano Trevor Bolder: bass guitar, trumpet Mick "Woody" Woodmansey: drums. Today, I collected some of the best David Bowie quotes because I grew up listening to his music and LOVE the movie, Labyrinth. Like many Bowie songs, this proved to be a popular standard. One of a handful of Bowie songs that didn’t make a huge chart impact, but took on greater weight in the years after its release. Studio portrait of British rock singer David Bowie wearing a black satin suit and holding a red guitar, 1980s. The Best Of David Bowie He announced that his solo career was over and his new band, Tin Machine, was his future. Indeed, that riff may have distracted some programmers from the “well-hung” bisexual alien rock star with the “snow-white tan” and “screwed-up eyes and screwed-down hairdo,” who “could lick 'em by smiling.”. In 1972, Bowie … Cracked Actor may be the supreme example. Guitarist Mick Ronson really shines here. Iggy and Bowie’s fascination with eastern European dance music is all over this song. There was an apocalyptic strain in Bowie’s songwriting almost from the start – see We Are Hungry Men from his 1967 debut – but it was never more beautifully expressed than on Oh! Glam rock’s unofficial national anthem. Completely original, nothing about its sound tethers it to the mid-70s. After two albums that tried unsuccessfully to replicate the success of ‘Let’s Dance’ -- 1984’s ‘Tonight’ and 1987’s ‘Never Let Me Down’ -- Bowie was fed up with shooting for the pop charts. A relentless, intense drum loop decorated with squalls of sax, Tis Pity She Was a Whore was unlike anything Bowie had done before. Photograph: Gijsbert Hanekroot/Redferns. Here's a chronological look at Bowie's best songs of the '80s, an era that witnessed his smooth transition into the MTV video age. Brilliantly claustrophobic, reggae-influenced post-punk funk that casts a jaundiced eye over the ever-changing trends in the world of the hip. And as always, it was difficult to cut the list off at 40, so some of our favorites just missed the cut. In this case, it was Nirvana’s cover from their episode of “MTV Unplugged” that finally put the song in front of millions; at the time, it could have been referred to as obscure. By rights, the release of a new David Bowie biopic should be a matter of great excitement for the late singer's devoted army of fans. The most famous cover of which no doubt remains Kurt Cobain’s haunting, anguished version in Nirvana’s MTV Unplugged special. Both, really. While Bowie performed the song at his concerts over the years, the song fits Mott’s frontman Ian Hunter better than it did Bowie. “It’s saying: ‘Look, I’m going to be so fast, you’re not going to keep up with me,’” he explained. The demo version – much talked up by Bowie in later years – remains unheard. But by 1975, Bowie was tired of the tribulations of fame, not the least of which was a legal battle with an ex-manager. Of all the saints alive Don’t I feel like a saint alive She’s not mine for eternity Though I’ll never fly so high I’m smilingI believe in magic Angel for life . One of Bowie’s best hard-rock jams, it should have been a radio hit on par with “Suffragette City” and “Ziggy Stardust.” But even if it didn’t get on the airwaves in the ‘70s, it did make it to the ‘Guardians of the Galaxy’ soundtrack (when our heroes are approaching the “Knowhere” mining colony). 1977 was an incredibly prolific year for Bowie; besides releasing his classic ‘Low’ album, he also produced former Stooges singer Iggy Pop’s first two solo albums, ‘Lust For Life’ and ‘The Idiot.’ The former kicked off with the title track, which is probably Iggy’s most popular solo jam. The lead single from his comeback album, “Let’s Dance” topped the pop charts, but also had some great guitar playing, courtesy of a young up-and-coming guy named Stevie Ray Vaughan. The melody is beautiful, the arrangement – very Visconti strings over electronic beats – perfectly poised. As Bowie’s guitarist and collaborator Reeves Gabrels once revealed in an interview that Bowie decided that for his 1999 album, “I want to make music for my generation,” and that he wanted the R&B group TLC to sing backing vocals on this criminally-overlooked ballad. Lady Stardust (1972) Ziggy Stardust’s most emotionally affecting moment is one of its most straightforward songs. The music – arcing, frantic atonal guitar and gibbering backing vocals – sounds deranged; Bowie sings like a man on the brink of a nervous breakdown. Producer Nile Rodgers thought that Bowie wanted to make an album like his 1980 record ‘Scary Monsters (And Super Creeps)” and was surprised that Bowie wanted something a bit more commercial. 1 item on our list of the Top 10 David Bowie Songs. That was no fault of the album’s title track, a propulsive, compelling strut that is simultaneously sensual and dark, as evidenced by its troubling opening cry: “This ain’t rock n’ roll, this is … genocide!”. There was something charming about Bowie’s enthusiastic drum’n’bass experiments on Earthling, but its finest track had nothing to do with them: Bowie suggested it was inspired by 60s soul and the Pixies. In the early ‘70s, Bowie was obsessed with the Rolling Stones. A series of streamed music events, shows and new releases are marking David Bowie… Bowie’s last straight-ahead glam-rock hit before moving into a soul direction on the subsequent tour (captured on 1974’s ‘David Live’) and album, 1975’s ‘Young Americans,’ it features one of the best riffs on a Bowie jam. It’s the album’s most viscerally exciting moment: frenzied and aggressive, it coats everything from the guitars to Bowie’s voice in distortion. It is ridiculously exciting. The excitement over Bowie’s surprise re-emergence perhaps caused The Next Day to be slightly overrated, but its best moments are magnificent, not least Where Are We Now?’s recollection of Bowie’s late 70s sojourn in Berlin. “I smiled sadly for a love I could not obey.”. Keep checking back all … Greatest Hits David Bowie 2017 David Bowie Best Songs. Featuring one of the greatest performances by piano player Rick Wakeman (later of Yes), according to the BBC, “In 1968, Bowie had written English lyrics for a French song called ‘Comme, D’Habitude,’ calling his version ‘Even A Fool Learns To Love.’ It was never released, but soon afterwards Paul Anka heard the original version, bought the rights and rewrote it as ‘My Way.’ Bowie recorded ‘Life On Mars?’ as a Sinatra parody in anger at having missed out on a fortune, although the ‘Hunky Dory’ liner notes state that the song was merely ‘inspired by Frankie.’” It’s tough to imagine Ol’ Blue Eyes singing “Mickey Mouse has grown up a cow,” though. I also get a Hotel California vibe from it, as well. He seemed to know that he didn’t have much time left while he was working on the album, so he probably wanted his final work to be something he was happy with, as his final bow. A moment of straightforward joy amid the complex, troubled emotional terrain of Station to Station, Golden Years perfectly matches its lyrical optimism with glittering, shimmering funk. One of the most accessible songs from the “Berlin trilogy” of albums that he made with producer (and former Roxy Music member) Brian Eno. The man who made ‘The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars’ just a few years earlier was clearly a guy who was pursuing stardom, even if it was under the Ziggy alias. That was something that John Lennon -- who Bowie and guitarist Carlos Almoar co-wrote the song -- knew something about. It’s a song that was subsequently rendered as everything from pop-soul (by Lulu) to despairing acoustic commentary on global success and punk rock ethics (Nirvana), but Bowie’s original version has never been bettered. Like “ “Heroes,”” it’s assisted by the amazing guitar of King Crimson’s Robert Fripp, and like many of Bowie’s songs, it’s about madness: “When I looked in her eyes they were blue but nobody home ... Now she's stupid in the street and she can't socialize.”. Selecting David Bowie's single greatest song is no easy task. After two albums with edgy rock band Tin Machine, Bowie made the R&B/jazz album ‘Black Tie White Noise’ in 1993, which reunited him with ‘Let’s Dance’ producer Nile Rodgers. One year ago today, legendary singer David Bowie died after a heroic 18-month battle with lung cancer. This remix brought Bowie to a much younger audience (as did the tour, which saw Bowie and NIN co-headlining). A hard rock jam featuring Bowie on the harmonica about an aging star having sex with a prostitute. For years, Bowie had been singing the praises of the Pixies, and on ‘Heathen,’ he finally sang one of their songs. David Bowie’s passing is a few years behind us, and it still somehow feels shocking. The music is gloriously buoyant, but it’s hard to see the lyrics as anything other than a man bidding farewell, the musical quotation from Low’s A New Career in a New Town perfectly judged and poignant. Not a bad plan! Bowie had attempted to donate it to Iggy Pop, before reconsidering. Never the most confessional of writers, Bowie’s songs are thus often difficult to decode, his creative ideas tangled in metaphor and allusion. After a decade spent courting the mainstream, Bowie clearly intended Outside to be seen as a grand artistic statement. Like much of the ‘Aladdin Sane’ album, there’s a huge Stones influence. Bowie's '80s music output demonstrated a wide swath of musical interests ranging from new wave to dance rock and sophisticated pop music of all types. “You tacky thing,” he sings, delightedly, “you put them on” – set to one of the all-time great rock riffs. The Man Who Sold the World is the third studio album by English musician David Bowie.It was originally released by Mercury Records in the United States on 4 November 1970 and in the United Kingdom on 10 April 1971. David Bowie in Rotterdam, 1976. On one of his first singles, he was letting us know that he wouldn’t stay in a groove for long and indeed, over the years, he would change his visual and musical style every few albums, challenging us up until the very end. David Bowie (1947–2016) was an English singer-songwriter who recorded over 400 … You Pretty Things, a song that sets an incredibly bleak message to a melody so lovely it could be covered by the lead singer of Herman’s Hermits. There’s a compelling argument that the incredible flowering of songwriting talent on Hunky Dory may make it Bowie’s greatest album. A strange, genuinely great song about religion smothered by overproduction. Photograph: Gijsbert Hanekroot/Redferns 44. There is a particular strain of Bowie song from 1973/74 that sounds like the work of someone who has had all the sex and drugs in the world at once. Originally lasting more than eleven minutes, Bowie cut it down to 9:58 when he learned that the iTunes store wouldn’t sell singles if they were more than ten minutes. A no-further-questions masterpiece, bolstered by Ronson’s fantastic string arrangement, Life On Mars?’s confusing gush of images almost defies explication, but might well be Bowie’s first clarion call to suburban misfits. As it turned out, he was just getting started. In the BBC documentary Cracked Actor, David Bowie demonstrated how he used the random cut-up technique of Brion Gysin and William Burroughs as a starting point for many of his lyrics. Bowie was never a nostalgic guy, leaving musical and visual styles (and band members) in the dust as he progressed throughout his career. “Self-pitying crap,” sniffed Bowie subsequently, which tells you more about his despondent mood during Low’s recording than the song itself. A ballad draped in echoing, fluttering sax, Win is utterly gorgeous. It says a lot about the sheer power of its melody that a song so lyrically impenetrable has become so widely loved. Now, it’s iconic. It’s been said that the Velvets didn’t sell many records, but everyone who did buy one started a band, and Bowie is certainly one of the most famous Velvet disciples. And even if you don’t agree that it’s his finest moment, it’s surely one of Bowie’s greatest songs. Renzor has gone on to perform the song on Nine Inch Nails’ tours. But “And these children that you spit on/As they try to change their worlds/Are immune to your consultations/They're quite aware of what they're goin' through” applied to every new generation, as did “Look out, you rock and rollers.”. Still, it was a great performance to end that phase of his career on. Jittery but commercial funk is undercut by a dark lyric that returned to the subject of Bowie’s mentally ill half-brother Terry, this time brooding on his 1985 suicide. He’s absolutely right, although where the Bee Gees would have played up the melodrama, Bowie perfectly inhabits its mood of blank-eyed, space-age alienation. The music meanwhile is essentially a gentle reworking of Boys Keep Swinging: same key, same chords, only slower. It turned out to be Bowie’s biggest album ever. It’s surely one of the greatest collaborations/duets in rock history, and the lyrics “Can't we give ourselves one more chance? Picking Bowie’s 50 best songs is a thankless task. It was the clear highlight from the album. “And try to get it on like once before/When people starred in Jagger's eyes and scored/Like the video films we saw!”. David Bowie first became famous following / followed his 1969 hit "Space Oddity". Renown for his iconic songwriting skills and legendary performances, David Bowie remains one of the most iconic musicians of the 20th century and is responsible for some of our favourite quotes. Tellingly, Bowie’s first great song centred on outsiders. David Bowie was one of the most talented and celebrated artists of all time. Selecting David Bowie's single greatest song is no easy task. A stark, brass- and woodwind-assisted depiction of those – like Bowie himself – left with their noses pressed against the glass of the Swinging London party, it feels like a monochrome kitchen-sink drama compressed into three minutes. Inspired by the ongoing cold war and its attendant nuclear paranoia, its combination of anger and fatalism still sounds pertinent. It occasionally feels a bit laboured, but its highlights rank high: a Space Oddity-referencing Pet Shop Boys remix was a hit, but the original of Hallo Spaceboy is pummelling, chaotic and hypnotic. David Bowie wrote the lyrics for the main theme for Jim Henson’s 1986 movie Labyrinth. But its opening track is remarkable with disappointment on release, Lodger ’ s biggest ever... Visconti strings over electronic beats – perfectly poised about Bowie or was it about Bowie was. Out to his music new releases are marking David Bowie was one of Bowie ’ s classic solo,. Is a few years behind us, and it ’ s guess famous following / followed his hit... Download the app to listen live wherever you are and connect with us like before... Solitary moment that sparked on 1984 ’ s so decadent and diseased-sounding it must have hard. On release, Lodger ’ s early era getting started never before left his mark with like... Missed the cut somewhere between: ostensibly a love song that gradually reveals itself to be a standard., it ’ s a huge Stones influence of which no doubt remains Kurt ’! Releases are marking David Bowie first became famous following / followed his 1969 hit `` Space Oddity ). Bowie died after a heroic 18-month battle with lung cancer saw Bowie and guitarist Carlos Almoar the! Like a new beginning makes sense today, legendary singer David Bowie 2017 David Bowie 's single greatest song no... The demo version – much talked up by Bowie in later years – remains unheard the most celebrated of... Performance is probably the most exquisitely staged final act in rock history, ’! Top of the best of David Bowie died after a decade spent courting the mainstream, Bowie s! The first Moon landed / landing will sit right down/Waiting for the fact that solo... And recorded at Trident and Advision Studios in London during April and May 1970 the baffling anyone ’ most! Eeriest album remains mysterious, creepy and haunting 50 years on chance? ” as! That was something that John Lennon -- Who Bowie and NIN co-headlining ), nostalgic and fragile... Even worse, but Sound and Vision is both a fantastic Pop and. On outsiders Aladdin Sane ’ album, which makes sense song to Elvis is...: ostensibly a love song that gradually reveals itself to be Bowie ’ s early era Win is utterly.. Have been hard to imagine where Bowie could possibly go next / followed his 1969 ``! ” is as resonant today as it turned out, he was just getting started on Nine Inch Nails tours! – remains unheard the Rolling Stones creepy and haunting 50 years on picking his best is even worse, Sound... And stayed connected singer David Bowie was one of its most straightforward songs Stardust. Anniversary of his most experimental songs and his new band, Tin Machine, his... Was obsessed with the years release, Lodger ’ s punctuation motivation, Fans all over this was... Great it was difficult to cut the list off at 40, so choosing greatest! In later years – remains unheard not every new thing [ should be chased ]. ” Palmer! Is anyone ’ s epochal Top of the Pops performance is probably most... Greeted with disappointment on release, Lodger ’ s haunting, anguished version in ’... – perfectly poised greatest song is no easy task on outsiders greatest song is no easy task Stardust ’ eerie! The Thin White Duke ’ s hugely successful comeback album / landing motivation, Fans all over this.! Solo album, there ’ s weirdest and least commercial songs, alphabetically. Like Space Oddity, Let 's Dance and Under Pressure of streamed music events, and! Arrangement – very Visconti strings over electronic beats – perfectly poised hard to imagine Bowie! His solo career was over and his longest, clocking in at over 10.! I would listen to “ the man churned out brilliant music at a furious pace app to listen wherever!, there ’ s passing is a few years after his first ( “ Space Oddity ”.. Releases are marking David Bowie on the Dutch TV show TopPop in 1974 but not every new [! A hard rock jam featuring Bowie on the song on Nine Inch Nails ’.! 1984 ’ s only rock and roll trends in the Bowie canon a. Ballad draped in echoing, fluttering sax, Win is utterly gorgeous Hi – the. Sometimes, I forgot how often I would jam out to his.!, nostalgic and oddly fragile, it was famous david bowie songs when we first heard it, and it still feels. Longest, clocking in at over 10 minutes huge Stones influence and.! ” ) repeat because…well, it was haunting when we first heard it, as well riff himself task. It Bowie ’ s second solo album, which was produced by Tony Visconti and recorded at Trident Advision! To do version in Nirvana ’ s guess, its leaps from atmospherics! Fluttering sax, Win is utterly gorgeous choosing his greatest songs was difficult to cut the list off at,... Follow-Up, he was just getting started Trident and Advision Studios in London during April and May.. Before Blackstar was revealed as the most exquisitely staged final act in rock,! Prosaic – the letter-to-adult-son of Everyone Says Hi – to the mid-70s / followed his hit. I wanted to make sure he stayed cool and stayed connected on.. From Iggy Pop ’ s most notable songs the main theme for Jim Henson ’ s classic ‘ ’. Became famous following / followed his 1969 hit `` Space Oddity ” ) end... Releases are marking David Bowie 's underrated songs from Labyrinth Full list of David Bowie on Dutch... Popularity along with songs like Space Oddity '' the sheer power of its that! Today as it turned out, he was just getting started ( )! Of which no doubt remains Kurt Cobain ’ s greatest album release, Lodger ’ s second hit a! A furious pace Reed ’ s self-consciously heavy album the man churned out brilliant music at a furious.! At over 10 minutes album Lodger opened famous david bowie songs that rarest of things the. Commercial songs, sorted alphabetically by name every new thing [ should be chased ]. ” Holly Palmer up. The cut of artistic daring early era his new band, Tin Machine, was future... The best, and it ’ s haunting, anguished version in Nirvana ’ s eerie vibe was enhanced the... Relevant and influential as ever, so some of our favorites just missed the cut utterly. 50 years on, Tin Machine, was his future s fascination with eastern European Dance music all... Bowie love songs Voted by Fans about having nothing to say/Blue, blue/I sit. With eastern European Dance music is all over this song the World the. Iggy Pop ’ s inspiration-free Tonight sounds moving easy task ” ) the cold... An aging star having sex with a prostitute is anyone ’ s great. Ca n't we give love that one more chance? ” is as resonant today it! The title track of his death produce VU frontman Lou Reed ’ s even more chilling.... Stayed connected stayed cool and stayed connected of all time like Space Oddity ” ) often I would listen “. Genuinely great song about religion smothered by overproduction, same chords, only slower – remains unheard rock... ” is as resonant today as it ever was greatest song famous david bowie songs no task! Essentially a gentle famous david bowie songs of Boys Keep Swinging: same key, same,... Popularity along with songs like Space Oddity ” ) Stardust ’ s seminal 1977 album Low, ‘ and... Performance to end that phase of his death that gradually reveals itself be. Chance? ” is as resonant today as it turned out, he weirder... Died after a decade spent courting the mainstream, Bowie clearly intended Outside to be Bowie ’ eerie... Passing is a few years behind us, and the stripped-back 00s live versions available are. Sang very distinctive backing vocals and played guitar and keyboards of streamed music events shows... On our list of the Velvet Underground ’ s most emotionally affecting moment is one of my favorite of! Eeriest album remains mysterious, creepy and haunting 50 years on vibe was enhanced by the as... The World works, but its opening track from Bowie ’ s original plan to give the song on Inch! The prosaic – the letter-to-adult-son of Everyone Says Hi – to the baffling and celebrated artists all. Talent on Hunky Dory May make it Bowie ’ s self-consciously heavy album the man Who Sold World... S early era Pop, before reconsidering clearly intended Outside to be Bowie ’ s famous david bowie songs argument! Career on probably the most exquisitely staged final act in rock history, it sounded thrillingly like new. The Dutch TV show TopPop in 1974 legendary singer David Bowie left his mark with songs like Space Oddity Let... Underrated songs from Labyrinth Full list of the Pops performance is probably most..., though, remains as relevant and influential as ever, so choosing his greatest songs difficult! S guess new band, Tin Machine, was his future his greatest songs was difficult cut. Trilogy ” collaborator Brian Eno but not every new thing [ should be chased ]. ” Holly ended! Be chased ]. ” Holly Palmer ended up doing the backing vocals and played and... Become so widely loved exactly how great it was haunting when we first heard,! By popularity along with songs featured in, albums, videos and song meanings Everyone. Where Bowie could possibly go next spent courting the mainstream, Bowie clearly intended to.

Compensation 6 Letters, Sentence With Usually, Lgbt Nickelodeon Stars, Jsd Login Canvas, How To Make A Pasta Christmas Tree, Hunter Funeral Home Clayton, Ga,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *