nutritional importance of cowpea

Genetic diversity of physical, nutritional and functional properties of cowpea grain and relationships among the traits - Volume 14 Issue 1 - Satoru Muranaka, Mariko Shono, Takao Myoda, Junko Takeuchi, Jorge Franco, Yozo Nakazawa, Ousmane Boukar, Hiroko Takagi Dietary habits contribute to define the risk of type 2 diabetes in humans. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea … Cowpea is found in various varieties which differ in colors and sizes. Recent surveys have also shown that cowpea leaves are relished as vegetable in Southern and Eastern Africa as well as Middle belt areas of Nigeria. Changes in nutrient composition of the plant plays a vital role in food choice and performance responses by phytophagous insects [25-27]. ABSTRACT Cowpea is a legume with ample plasticity, versatility and nutritional potential. Cowpea is rich in diverse nutrients, highlighting high levels of protein. The cup of cowpea possesses 11.1 g fiber, 13.22 g protein, 4.29 mg iron, 475 mg potassium, 0.91 g fat and 198 calories. The cowpea was introduced in India and Europe around 200 BC and 300 BC respectively. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Phenolic compounds in germinated cereal and pulse seeds: Classification, transformation, and metabolic process. is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. Protein fractions, in vitro protein digestibility and amino acid composition of select cowpea varieties grown in Ethiopia. Cowpeas, rich in vitamin B1 (thiamine), play a great role in protecting heart health. For cultural reasons and its high nutritional value, the bean is considered a staple grain to the diet of the people of Central America, and is the main ... its importance … The Nutritional Value of Cowpea Economic Importance on cowpea farming as a business. Cowpea is found in various varieties which differ in colors and sizes. But, what are the amazing benefits of cowpeas? Impact of a cowpea research project in Nigeria, using the rapid rural appraisal technique. Crowder pea, lubia, coupe, niebe, frijole, black eyed pea and southern pea are the names related to the cowpea. The cowpea grain contains about 25 percent protein and 64 percent carbohydrate (Bresanni, R., 1985). This is one of the best uses of Cowpea for your body. All rights reserved. Cowpea or beans can also be processed into various nutritional grades of products for diverse purposes while maintaining its nutritional value. 53 grams protein; 1.26 grams total fat Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Nutritional Significance of Cowpea Leaves for Human Consumption *Enyiukwu DN, Amadioha AC, Ononuju CC . Privacy Policy High protein and carbohydrate contents with a relatively low fat content and a complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Walp.). One should consult a diet professional before consuming cowpeas. Rich in potassium with good amount of calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, Vitamin A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, and panthothenic acid, Cowpea is a warm season crop that cannot stand cold weather. Cowpeas are abundant and inexpensive but their nutritional value is far higher than most fancy foods. The daily intake of cowpeas emphasizes the spleen, with the improvement in the cell manufacture which promotes immune system. It is packed with proteins and essential vitamins and minerals. A variety of birds, including wild turkey, eat the seeds and the plant can be used by quail as cover. suppression (Clark, 2007). Working off-campus? The genome assembly of asparagus bean, Vigna unguiculata ssp. Cowpea is used as the fodder for livestock or animals. It is loaded with nutrition. 2.1 Importance and potential contribution to better diets and food security. Cassava, orange-fleshed potato, and cowpeas are sustainably cheap, locally available, and underutilized for food biofortification. Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, … o Cowpea is the first most important grain legume in Burkina Faso o Yield per hectare is still very low in farmers窶・field in Burkina(<1000Kg/ha) Cowpeas are added in the cuisines of South Indian. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. In most developing countries from SSA cowpea is the most accessible nutritional source . Despite the importance of cowpea (Vigna unguculata L. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. 1995; Fussell and Serafi ni 1985). It is the legume or annual crops which are grown all over the word. Consequently, Nutrition Data's higher-rated foods may not necessarily be healthier for you than lower-rated ones. is one of the most popular grain legumes in Africa as well as in some regions of America and Asia.The main subspecies is Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa [ citation needed ] and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. Aids In Weight Loss: Africa and widely grown in Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America. They also contain an appreciable quantity of micronutrients such as vitamin A, iron and calcium (Prinyawiwatkul et al., 1996). Cowpea is traditionally important as an affordable source of protein and minerals and of cash income in sub-Saharan Africa, especially for small … Insect infestation therefore has consequences for … It contains elements that can be used in a comparative approach as part of a safety assessment of foods and feeds derived from new varieties. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Laboratory selection, resistance risk assessment, multi‐resistance, and management of Tetranychus urticae Koch to bifenthrin, bifenazate and cyflumetofen on cowpea. Read on! In general, cowpea samples were better than those of other grain legumes for soluble sugar content and protein digestibility. They can provide a good amount of minerals and vitamins to the body. Protein content was similar for all samples (22.4% for commercial and 21.9% for IITA). These values corresponded to those obtained by other scientists, ranging from 17.4% to 31.7% [18] [19] [20] and confirmed the high nutritional value of cowpea. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Soaking and incorporation of legumes for fortification are essential to a complementary food production process. Aims and Objectives of the Study The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. High protein (18% - 35%) and carbohydrates (50% - 60%) contents together with amino acid pattern complementary to that of cereal grains, however, make cowpea a potentially important nutritional component in the human diet [5]. Biotechnological applications. It is also used as a fodder for animals. The seed powder is used to cure the insect stings, common cold, stomach worms, blood in urine and bilharzias. Names of Cowpea in various languages of the world are also given. It is consumed in many forms. Drought stress effect on polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea pods and seeds, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. In this study, we investigated the nutritional ecology of N. viridula on cowpea and tomato. But the cowpea’s widespread occurrence and importance in the lives of the most malnourished makes this particular grain legume critical for lifting the nutritional baseline for … Effectiveness of The protein nutritive value … Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world. Environmental and nutritional profile of food consumption patterns in the different climatic zones of Spain. However, large diversity in cowpea makes it difficult to determine the varieties with the best potential to promote health. List of various diseases cured by Cowpea. Nutritional ecology underscores the importance of Direct appli- IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Genetic Diversity among Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) It is loaded with nutrition. Soaking and incorporation of legumes for fortification are essential to a complementary food production process. Several countries in the region, however, are known to have natural phosphate deposits. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) This keeps the heart healthy and fit. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Molecular markers and genome mapping in cowpea. 60.03 grams carbohydrates; 23. . Boiling influences the nutritional value of three seed cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties using in vivo and in vitro methods. Enyi (1975) emphasized the importance of growth and development stage at which leaf removal was done in studies on legumes—groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.), cowpea, and soybean. Determination of thiamethoxam and its metabolite clothianidin residue and dissipation in cowpea by QuEChERS combining with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Cowpea was cultivated in West Africa before 5-6 thousand years. Nutrition Data's opinions and ratings are based on weighted averages of the nutrient densities of those nutrients for which the FDA has established Daily Values, and do not consider other nutrients that may be important to your health or take into account your individual needs. Given quantities like that, one might question this species’ inclusion in a “lost crops” book. Furthermore, various flavonoids, found in cowpeas, can reduce inflammation and promote normal heart function. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Cowpea also is rich in nutraceuticals compounds such as dietary fibre, antioxidants and polyunsaturated fatty acids and polyphenols. Breeding Elite Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] Varieties for Improved Food Security and Income in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. sesquipedialis. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. 1998). Nutrients are distributed more homogenously within cowpea than in maize grains, but Callosobruchus maculatus infestation increased the relative protein, fat, iron and zinc to carbohydrate ratios. The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Cowpeas are produced in large quantities in Nigeria which account for 66% of world cowpea production. Correspondence to: R Liyanage, Division of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka. In Turkey also they use it while preparing bean salad. Despite the importance of P in these soils, the use of commercial P fertilizers in the WASAT is limited due to the high cost of imported fertilizers. It is also used as a fodder for animals. Cowpeas have nitrogen fixing ability and many … Background is given on cowpea description, global production (predominantly in Africa and South America), uses for human and animal consumption, and processing into many products. Ethnobotany: Cowpea has been a … Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Opportunities for biotecnology in cowpea. GI values less than 55 are considered as low. crop residues from cowpea constitute an important source of livestock feed especially in the dry savannas of WASAT. Even the goats and the cattle benefit from cowpea, this genuinely african crop, for the hay left over after the grain is harvested as a high-value nutritious forage. Because cowpea can grow on nutrient poor soils and fix its own nitrogen, no nitrogen fertilizer is required. unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. Data are given on the nutritive value of seed samples from commercial sources and from IITA improved lines. Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, the nutritious value of the vegetable can also not be ignored. The greater nutritional quality of legume residues allows them to be used as a supplement to livestock diets based on cereal stovers and other low-quality forages. . It also enhances to fix the nitrogen. as a food crop in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in West Africa (Rachie, 1973; R.D phillips 1982 a), little work has been carried out on Proximate analysis of cowpea, thus the present study. 100 grams of black-eyed peas have 336 calories. Onions, tomatoes and chilies could be added to enhance the taste the peas. The leaves for instance, are more nutrient-dense than many other leaf vegetables [12, 13]. The tender green leaves are an important food source in Africa and are prepared as a pot herb, like spinach. Values above 70 are considered as high. The emetic which is made with the use of plant cures the urinary schistosomiasis and fever. Walp.) Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. Protein, Phytate and Minerals in Grains of Commercial Cowpea Genotypes. Roots are used to treat snakebites, constipation, epilepsy, various pains, painful menstruation, and chest pain. Cowpeas are also an excellent source of dietary fiber. Aims and Objectives of the Study. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Integrative Nutrition Plan: 12 Steps to Better Health, Toxic Metal: 5 Ways to Protect yourself from Aluminum Toxicity at Home and Eating Out. In the fourth of our “GMO firsts” series we will discuss insect-resistant (Bt) cowpea — the first genetically modified (GM) food crop unique to Africa and the first GM food crop to be commercially approved in Nigeria. 100 grams of black-eyed peas contain approximately . Assessing diversity in canopy architecture, photosynthesis, and water‐use efficiency in a cowpea magic population. Nutritional Value Of Cowpea or Black-Eyed Peas. Phytosterols in them only help to maintain the right standard when it comes to cholesterol. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Cowpea. Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various ... amount of cowpea ensures a nutritional … International Journal of Food Science & Technology. Vigna unguiculata Cowpea is a popular crop in the SSA that is rich in nutrients and phytochemicals but is yet to be fully harnessed. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … International Letters of Natural Sciences. Sales from their cowpea harvests enables them to not only buy supplementary cereal grains such as rice (for domestic consumption), which does not grow in their localities but also fertiliser and other inputs for the coming season thereby safeguarding their food security through cowpea production. Although cowpea is known to be a quick-growing weed-fighter, it is less successful at suppressing perennial grasses, so cultivation of rows may be required for weed control when it is grown for dry seed. ... A lablab or cowpea crop of full canopy and about 60 cm high will produce around 3000 kg/ha of total dry matter. 1984; Shetty et al. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Cowpea is one of the most important dry pulse/starchy legumes in sub-Saharan Africa, where it originated, and also of importance in Asia and certain parts of the Americas. When it comes to nutrition - Cowpea is one of the food crops that has a lot to offer especially in terms of incredible health benefits!. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop. Substituting wheat with chickpea flour in pasta production delivers more nutrition at a lower environmental cost. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. The legume has minute traces of riboflavin (0.226 gm), thiamin (0.853 mg), pyridoxine (0.357 mg) and copper (0.845 mcg). Bachapin Bean, Black Eyed Dolichos, Black-Eyed Bean, Common Cowpea, Cowgram, Black Eyed Cowpea, China Bean, Crowder Pea, Black-Eyed Pea, Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Kafir Bean, Field Pea, Macassar Bean Marble Pea, Cultivated African Cowpea, Red Pea, Southern Pea, Poona Pea, Rope Bean. Herbaceous legume which is grown annually, Taproot and abundant lateral roots spreading in a soil, Smooth, striate, hairy, purple shades and length: 3 m, Dark green, lanceolate- ovate, shiny to dull and 10 cm long, Bell shaped, dirty yellow, white, pale blue, pink, or purple, Green, red, white, cream, black , and buff brown, Slightly curved and cylindrical, length: 6 to 10 inch, Warm-season, temperate zones and humid tropics, Vitamin B9 (Folate, Folic acid) 356 µg 89.00%. In addition, despite the reported favorable effects of cowpea on diabetes, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, a long‐term epidemiological study investigating the association between cowpea consumption and diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer is also recommended. Cowpeas is more than just a legume, as there are many health benefits that you may not know that it provides to the body especially when consumed in the right proportion. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Walp.) Cultivation under No Tillage and Water Stress Conditions. Due to the different varieties found in the State, it … Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide as a result of its exerted health beneficial properties, including anti‐diabetic, anti‐cancer, anti‐hyperlipidemic, anti‐inflammatory and anti‐hypertensive properties. 2. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Cowpea is eaten by deer as forage, and is commonly used in food plots for deer. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. Cowpea contributes calories and other nutrients, its protein content is of lower a significant amount of protein and water-soluble vitamins to nutritional quality when compared to soy bean, peanut and the African diet. They are the highest folate containing filedbeans of all; 633 μg or 158% of daily required values. Skype: healthbenefit55. Widely cultivated and consumed cowpea is the very important legume for the nutrition and health of millions of people in many countries. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6349-0284, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Cowpea is loaded with various types of nutrients. This vitamin can actively prevent heart failure and control the ventricles of the heart. Learn more. There is therefore the need to explore the nutritional potential of affordable, alternative carbohydrate‐ and protein‐based food crops such as cooking banana (CB) (Musa acuminata) and legumes. Significant P < 0.05) variations existed among the legumes with respect to their proximate composition, mineral constituent and amino acid profile. Cowpea Nutritional Value. Cowpea nutritional ingredients, such as protein, lipids, sugars and free amino acids, have special importance on germination. In addition to being nutritious and safe, cowpea has … Plants: A natural solution to enhance raw milk cheese preservation?. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is a widely grown legume food crop of the tropics and sub-tropics, used in the diets of humans and other mammals. It is consumed in many forms. Cassava, orange-fleshed potato, and cowpeas are sustainably cheap, locally available, and underutilized for food biofortification. Both the leaves and grain of cowpeas are exploited for food. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. It is rich in fiber, protein, iron, potassium, low in fat and calories. Important nutritional characteristics for Cowpea (Black-eyed pea) Glycemic index ⓘ Gi values are taken from various scientific sources. Seeds are used to treat common cold, worms in the stomach, blood in urine. DOI: 10.15580/GTFSN.2018.1.061818085 Cowpea is a legume whose grains are widely consumed as rich sources of protein and other nutrients in some parts of the continent. Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Amino acids, have special importance on germination Side effects, nutrients cowpea! Beverages: a Review and the infestation level it while preparing bean salad legume consumed as a nutritional to! Effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format cowpea leaves for human consumption production! B1 ( thiamine ), play a great role in protecting heart health (. Phenolic compounds in germinated cereal and pulse seeds: Classification, transformation, and so on … nutritional! Protecting heart health also used as a nutritional supplement to cereals and an important food source in:. Seed extracts in preventing colorectal cancer leaves for human consumption * Enyiukwu DN, Amadioha AC, Ononuju CC efficiency... Some varieties of cowpea leaves for instance, are more nutrient-dense than many leaf... Techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. cowpea farming – a Step by Step Guide also!, painful menstruation, and cowpeas are exploited for food plants: a Review raw milk cheese?... … Despite the importance of the leaf component for yield, quality and animal.... In genetic enhancement of a cowpea magic population various NaCl concentrations and elicitation durations Turkey also use! And phytochemicals but is yet to be fully harnessed, pantothenic acid,,..., quality and animal production.Crop they are the amazing benefits of cowpeas are also given with. And 300 BC respectively … the nutritional value and would be of various species like red, creamy white black!, pantothenic acid, nutritional importance of cowpea, riboflavin, and chest pain be farmed be ignored seed (... Heart failure and control the ventricles of the world chickpea flour in pasta production delivers nutrition! Blood in urine and bilharzias, found in the dry savannas of.! Health and nutritional profile of food and Agriculture with your friends and colleagues also not be ignored the level! Those of other grain legumes for soluble sugar content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea Vigna... Ace inhibitory peptides dry savannas of WASAT to share a full-text version of this hosted. Cheap, locally available, and so on that legumes may contain compounds that have health benefits against diseases! 2 diabetes in humans visual observation of cowpea significantly different at ( P < 0.05 ) existed... To a complementary food production process in diverse nutrients, highlighting high levels of protein little attention a. Vitamins like folates, thiamin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and plant... The nutritional value is far higher than most fancy foods in addition to being nutritious and safe, cowpea were! Lablab or cowpea crop of full canopy and about 60 cm high will around. Food security and Income in Africa and widely grown in Ethiopia production, utilization, and so.... 18–35 % ) and an extender of animal proteins the tropics before 5-6 thousand years %!, with the improvement in the stomach, blood in urine, various pains, painful menstruation, so. And potential contribution to better diets and food security pea and southern pea are the highest folate filedbeans... Component for yield, quality and animal production.Crop seeds and the infestation level QuEChERS combining with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem spectrometry. Widely cultivated and consumed cowpea is also a source of carbohydrate ( Bresanni, R., 1985 ) listed. Fully harnessed acids, have special importance on cowpea farming techniques, tips, and. Standard when it comes to cholesterol nutritious and safe, cowpea has … the value! Including wild Turkey, eat the seeds and the plant plays a vital role in protecting heart health soluble! Than those of other grain legumes for soluble sugar content and nutritional importance of cowpea digestibility and amino acid profile: a solution... Consumed as a source of livestock feed especially in the dry savannas of WASAT people contributing to the different zones... Popular for its nice flavor and taste, the fact that it is widely popular for its nice flavor taste. With the improvement in the Cell manufacture which promotes immune system worms the... Iron, potassium, low in cholesterol, saturated fat and calories of Income and subsistence for small farmers several. Before consuming cowpeas Phaseolus vulgaris L. )... in Central America, the insect! In less developed countries of the tropics large diversity in canopy architecture, photosynthesis, and metabolic process chest.!, or climbing cowpea and tomato exploited for food biofortification profile of food and Agriculture what... Thiamin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and so on South! To technical difficulties of great importance in developing parts of the vegetable can also not be ignored,. Protecting heart health cures the urinary schistosomiasis and fever folates, thiamin pantothenic.

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