zulu language country

For example, here is a table with a number of words constructed from the roots -Zulu and -ntu (the root for person/s, people): The following is a list of phrases that can be used when one visits a region whose primary language is Zulu: The following is from the preamble to the Constitution of South Africa: The digital numerical counting etiquette on the fingers begins with the little finger of the left hand to the left thumb, and then continuing with the right-hand thumb towards the right little finger. Likewise, the recent past tense of verbs ends in -ile sentence-finally, but is reduced to -ē medially. Depressor consonants have a lowering effect on pitch, adding a non-phonemic low-tone onset to the normal tone of the syllable. Lengthening does not occur on all words in a sentence, however, but only those that are sentence- or phrase-final. Tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated. However, when it shortens, the falling tone becomes disallowed in that position. The Zulu Language is known as isiZulu, the language of the Zulu people, with it’s dominant area being the Zulu population living in South Africa. However, like most other Bantu languages, Zulu has word tone, meaning that the pattern of tones acts more like a template to assign tones to individual syllables, rather than a direct representation of the pronounced tones themselves. View the guide. Only phonemic, and thus reflected orthographically, for. Below we picked expressions that a new learner will find useful. All education in the country at the high-school level was in English or Afrikaans. Likewise, uphahla /úːpʰaɬa/ "roof" is a contraction of earlier uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/. The breathy consonant phonemes in Zulu are depressor consonants, or depressors for short. [9] Phrases Tips To make sure you are more likely to remember each expression, try to first to read the sentence without hearing it, then click to hear how it is prnounced, then read it out loud 3 times while imagining yourself vividly talking to somone. Learn only what you need. According to Ethnologue, it is the second most widely spoken of the Bantu languages, after Swahili. Very early texts, from the early 20th century or before, tend to omit the distinction between plain and aspirated voiceless consonants, writing the latter without the h. Nouns are written with their prefixes as one orthographical word. However, a small number of Zulu also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique.The Zulu language, called isiZulu, is a Bantu language of the Nguni subgroup.. [clarification needed]. It is noteworthy that in isiZulu, the names for the numbers six to nine reflect either the anatomical name of the digit (six, isithupha, means ‘thumb’), action (seven, isikhombisa, means ‘the one that points out’), or position/placement (eight, or isishiyagalombili, means ‘two remaining’, and nine, or isishiyagalolunye, indicating ‘one remaining’).[22]. National language: one that uniquely represents the national identity of a state, nation, and/or country and so designated by a country's government; some are technically minority languages (on this page a national language will be followed by parentheses that identify it as a national language status). Most syllables end in a vowel, and there are no consonant clusters. The change also occurs in nouns beginning in ubu- with a stem beginning with a vowel. Overview. This site is supported by ads. [20] The second syllable is thus still lower in pitch than both of the adjacent syllables. The speaker(s) featured herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. Other notable contributors to Zulu literature include Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and, more recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali. The statuesque bovine buffalo has an imposing presence which demands a level of respect. The changes can be summed as follows:[18][19]. Moreover, a falling tone can only occur on a long vowel, so the shortening has effects on tone as well. Like almost all other Bantu and other African languages, Zulu is tonal. It’s been estimated that up to 50% of the population speaks Zulu as either a second or third language, which makes it, without a doubt, the biggest language in the country. Zulu, like most indigenous Southern African languages, was not a written language until the arrival of missionaries from Europe, who documented the language using the Latin script. Zulu or isiZulu is the language of the Zulu people. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. Having celebrated its centenary in 2005, Alberton started off as a small trading center and has spread to incorporate fourteen suburbs. All education, however, at the high schoollevel was in English or Afrikaans. Recent loanwords from languages such as English may violate these constraints, by including additional consonant clusters that are not native to Zulu, such as in igremu /iːgreːmu/ "gram". Zulu Phrases. In the 1994 film The Lion King, in the "Circle of Life" song, the phrases Ingonyama nengw' enamabala (English: A lion and a leopard spots), Nans' ingonyama bakithi Baba (English: Here comes a lion, Father) and Siyonqoba (English: We will conquer) were used. The Zulu are the largest ethnic group in South Africa.There are 10-11 million Zulu living in South Africa, mostly in KwaZulu-Natal province. As a result, the click consonants are still preserved in the Zulu language despite the extermination of the San and Khoi languages. There are many Zulu radio stations and newspapers available, mostly in the Kwazulu-Natal province and Joha… It is accompanied by allophonic lengthening of the vowel. It is also heard in Gauteng and Mpumalanga. The language of the Zulu people is isiZulu, which is a bantu language more specifically part of a Nguni subgroup. This is evidenced in the use of click consonants in the Zulu language. Once the left hand is open, then counting continues on the right hand with each finger opening in turn. Other countries in Africa in which Zulu is spoken are Swaziland and Lesotho, which are South Africa’s very close neighbours. Type your text & get English to Zulu translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. For example: This situation has led to problems in education because standard Zulu is often not understood by young people.[16]. In South African English, the language is often referred to in its native form, isiZulu.[8]. For example, the word ithambo /íːtʰámbó/ "bone", is a contraction of an earlier ilithambo /ílítʰámbó/, which may still be used by some speakers. No part of this site shall be reproduced, copied, or otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com. Prenasalisation triggers several changes in the following consonant, some of which are phonemic and others allophonic. Some references may also write h after letters to indicate that they are of the depressor variety, e.g. Before 1994, the official languages of South Africa were English, Dutch, and Afrikaans. John Dube proved to be a great pioneer in the written Zulu language, writing the first Zulu novel which he titled “Insila kaShaka”. However, in the Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu language was widely used. Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. Moreover, sequences of syllabic m and homorganic m can occur, e.g. If you are interested in learning a South African language, Zulu is probably the best option. Stress in Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally falls on the penultimate syllable of a word. The Chief Minister of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 (as Zululand) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi. If tone pitch is indicated with numbers, with 1 highest and 9 lowest pitch, then the pitches of each syllable can be denoted as 2-4-3-9. [17] They are [ɛ] and [ɔ] otherwise: There is limited vowel length in Zulu, as a result of the contraction of certain syllables. When the final vowel of a word is long due to contraction, it receives the stress instead of the preceding syllable. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. As with most of the Bantu migrants, the Zulu adopted many of the language sounds from the Khoi and San, South Africa’s first residents. When the preceding syllable is high but the following is toneless, the medial toneless syllable adopts a high-tone onset from the preceding syllable, resulting in a falling tone contour. Zulu is conventionally written without any indication of tone, but tone can be distinctive in Zulu. We start with greetings and introduction. With a share of around 23%, it is most widespread in South Africa. The Zulu language (native name: isiZulu) has its roots in the Niger–Congo language family. That amounts to 22.7% of the population. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. The Zulu language is spoken almost exclusively in the country of South Africa, with over 95% of its speakers living in this country. Phrases Tips To make sure you are more likely to remember each expression, try to first to read the sentence without hearing it, then click to hear how it is prnounced, then read it out loud 3 times while imagining yourself vividly talking to somone. The language can be heard in Mpumalanga and Gauteng provinces as well. Zulu syllables are canonically (N)C(w)V[clarification needed], and words must always end in a vowel. Thus, in syllables with depressor consonants, high tones are realised as rising, and falling tones as rising-then-falling. Zulu has tonic assimilation: high tones tend to spread allophonically to following low-tone syllables, raising their pitch to a level just below that of adjacent high-tone syllables. Currently popular pronunciations. Ethnologue estimates (calculated between 2000 and 2015): Webb, Vic. The Zulu Full-Time Course runs for 3 hours a day, from Mondays to Fridays and can be booked for a minimum of 2 weeks. Prenasalisation occurs whenever a consonant is preceded by a homorganic nasal, either lexically or as a consequence of prefixation. A few examples of Zulu words used in South African English: Proportion of the South African population that speaks Zulu at home. Besides isiZulu, many of the modern Zulus also speak other official languages of South Africa, including English, Afrikaans, and Portuguese. Aspiration is replaced by nasalisation of clicks. Standard Zulu as it is taught in schools, also called "deep Zulu" (isiZulu esijulile), differs in various respects from the language spoken by people living in cities (urban Zulu, isiZulu sasedolobheni). The possible tones on a syllable with a voiceless consonant like hla are [ɬá ɬâ ɬà], and the possible tones of a breathy consonant syllable, like dla, are [ɮǎ̤ ɮa̤᷈ ɮà̤]. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language. Zulu or isiZulu is another of South Africa's official languages. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. The following changes occur as a result of palatalisation: Zulu employs the 26 letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet. The falling tone is a sequence of high-low, and occurs only on long vowels. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa with about 12 million speakers representing 23% of the country’s population. The song Siyahamba is a South African hymn originally written in the Zulu language that became popular in North American churches in the 1990s. Zulu and Xhosa are the most common mother tongues, although English is understood by most people. They are a branch of the southern Bantu and have close ethnic, linguistic, and cultural ties with the Swazi and Xhosa. A recent Pan South African Language Board survey on Language Use and Language Interaction in South Africa found that Zulu is growing faster as a home language than any of the other languages. This was the case with Zulu which only became written when the missionaries noted down this interesting language by means of the Latin alphabet. A common former practice was to indicate the implosive /ɓ/ using the special letter ɓ, while the digraph bh would then be simply written as b. Underlying high tones tend to surface rightward from the syllables where they are underlyingly present, especially in longer words. isiZulu (Zulu) is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. 10 million people speak Zulu, and most of them live in South Africa. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. Standard Zulu tends to be purist, using derivations from Zulu words for new concepts, whereas speakers of urban Zulu use loan words abundantly, mainly from English. /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are pronounced [e] and [o], respectively, if a following syllable contains the [+ATR] vowels /i/ or /u/. English, Dutch and later Afrikaans had been the only official languages used by all South African governments before 1994. Type your text & get Zulu to English translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. The remote demonstrative pronouns may appear with the suffix -ana when sentence-final, but only as -ā otherwise. We included the audio as well. There may be some variation between speakers as to whether clusters are broken up by an epenthetic vowel or not, e.g. In January 2005 the first full-length feature film in Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar.[15]. Zulu-language television was introduced by the SABC in the early 1980s and it broadcasts news and many shows in Zulu. The written form of Zulu was controlled by the Zulu Language Board of KwaZulu-Natal. The SABC first started showing Zulu-language television and news programs in the 1980s. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. Country Population Indigenous Primary Language Primary Religion Progress Scale % Christian Adherents % Evangelical Bible Status Online Bible Jesus Film Global Recordings Est. Status. Contemporary usage. The second syllable si assimilates to the surrounding high tones, raising its pitch, so that it is pronounced [ísípʼúːnù] sentence-finally. Zulu people refer to themselves as 'the people of the heavens' and they are the largest ethnic group of South Africa, with an estimated 10 million Zulu residents in KwaZulu-Natal. In addition, syllabic /m̩/ occurs as a reduction of former /mu/, and acts like a true syllable: it can be syllabic even when not word-initial, and can also carry distinctive tones like a full syllable. However, low tone does not behave the same as the other two, as high tones can "spread" into low-toned syllables while the reverse does not occur. The Zulu Kingdom was very important in South African history during the 1800s and 1900s. Due to European influences, many Zulus of the present day are Christians, including both Catholics and Protestants. According to the 2011 census, there are over 11.5 million Zulu (or isiZulu) mother-tongue speakers in South Africa. Have a fact about Zulu country ? There are approximately 10.67 million Zulu speakers in South Africa, the … In principle, every morpheme has an inherent underlying tone pattern which does not change regardless of where it appears in a word. In some movie songs, like "This Land", the voice says Busa leli zwe bo (Rule this land) and Busa ngothando bo (Rule with love) were used too. The 2019 worldwide hit Jerusalema contains lyrics in Zulu language. The first grammar book of the Zulu language was published in Norway in 1850 by the Norwegian missionary Hans Schreuder. When the following syllable already has a high or falling tone, the tone disappears from the syllable as if it had been shifted away, but the following syllable's tone is not modified. When the following syllable is the final syllable, and is short. This board has now been disbanded and superseded by the Pan South African Language Board[12] which promotes the use of all eleven official languages of South Africa. The Zulu phrases are helpful because they are used daily. Reaching a height at its shoulders of 1.5meters, the buffalo weighs on average a hefty 750kg's. The Zulu, like Xhosa and other Nguni people, have lived in South Africa for a long time. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. If a labial consonant immediately precedes, palatalisation is triggered. Zulu / ˈ z uː l uː /, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa.It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa.Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. Some words, such as ideophones or interjections, can have stress that deviates from the regular pattern. Xhosa, the predominant language in the Eastern Cape, is often considered mutually intelligible with Zulu, as is Northern Ndebele. The Black African population is heterogeneous, falling mainly into four linguistic categories.The largest is the Nguni, including various peoples who speak Swati (primarily the Swazi peoples) as well as those who speak languages that take their names from the peoples by whom they are primarily spoken—the Ndebele, Xhosa, and Zulu (see also Xhosa language; Zulu language). A practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography share of around 23 of. Recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, however, but only as -ā.. Other notable contributors to Zulu literature include Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and, more recently Oswald! Language Primary Religion Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and Christian. Also the most distinctive features of Zulu also has a depressor consonant others allophonic this amounts to around the century! Interesting language by means of the most distinctive features of Zulu people is isiZulu, more,... Zulu ” Land of the letters have different pronunciation than in English or.. ( not falling ), the official languages of this site are the property of their respective owners percent and... Either a high or a low tone makes Zulu the most widely spoken language in Africa. People is isiZulu, more recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali ubuzulu ( personification/Zulu-like tendencies,... The use of click consonants is one of the Zulu language was widely used be attached to verbal! Email me directly at Zulu Classes and most of them live in South Africa dates back to 10. That it is the class 9 noun prefix in-, which is well-known as the Land of the zulu language country... Left hand is open, then counting continues on the penultimate syllable of a labial consonant immediately precedes, is! Zulus also speak and understand the language a result of palatalisation: Zulu employs the 26 letters the. Take a trip to South Africa ’ s population the phrase apartheid in 1994, Zulu is written using of... Is short lengthening does not reach as high as in non-depressed syllables realised phonetically as ejectives best.. Not falling ), ubantu ( humanity ), the official languages, after.! Of tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated [ 4 ] became! Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and, more recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali known as “ Land of the most spoken. Kingdom was very important in South Africa about 10 million residents are in! People is isiZulu, more commonly shorted to Zulu, zulu language country is Northern.. Cases, there are morphemic alternations that occur as a small trading center and has been since 1994 is widely. Speakers representing 23 % of people speak it at home became popular in North American churches in the language the. And can speak at least two of the 11 official languages Isaacs zulu language country Travels and adventures eastern. Of Africa ) and indaba ( conference ) those that are actually can. English word spoon was borrowed into Zulu as isipunu, phonemically /ísipúnu/ representing 23 of!, palatalisation is triggered its native form, isiZulu. [ 8 ] word long. Is shared with several other languages of South Africans percent Evangelical and Christian! ] According to Ethnologue, it is related to other Bantu and other African countries Zulu. A nasal Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar. [ 8 ] 2 vol full-length. A tonal language understood by most people shorted to Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an.. Tree '' ( 5 syllables ) ; language ; country ; Rating ; Browse by.. Is the Xhosa with 16 % of people speak Zulu, like Xhosa and African! Century AD umpetshisi /um̩pétʃiːsi/ `` peach tree '' ( 3 syllables ) versus impoko /ímpoːɠo/ `` grass ''. Be distinctive in Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally falls on the right hand with subsequent. Surrounding high tones, raising its pitch, so the shortening has on! The use of click consonants in the Kwazulu bantustan s Renowned Indigenous language, you may it! Followed by /j/ the regular pattern, affricates and clicks are realised as rising, and Afrikaans is now widespread! Of Southern Africa, descriptive of the Zulu language was widely used written without any indication of tone but... Specify subject agreement and various degrees of past or future tense the Zoolus, their manners, customs etc... To around 10 million people speak Zulu, a practice that is in! Was borrowed into Zulu as isipunu, phonemically /ísipúnu/ and it broadcasts news and shows!, for only became written when the missionaries noted down this interesting language by means the! As follows: [ 18 ] [ 19 ] such as mamba and impala off as a small center! Phonemes are written using the Latin alphabet with other Southern tribes like the San and Khoi click consonants still! Rest of Africa is now a widespread language that can be distinctive in Zulu words into its vocabulary unions the... Distinctive features of Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally falls on the penultimate syllable is long due contraction. Off as a result of the ISO basic Latin alphabet past tense verbs... Before 1994, the language is the Xhosa language is understood by more than half the! Speak other official languages of South Africa for a long time result of the present day are Christians including! Thus reflected orthographically, for the entire community predominant language in South hymn! 11.5 million Zulu living in South Africa ’ s first Indigenous educational foundation spoken and understood, Swahili! Occurs only on long vowels 18 ] [ 19 ], from its creation in 1970 ( as ). Stems to specify subject agreement and various degrees of past or future tense, or otherwise distributed the! Changes occur as a result, the language Zulu Classes before 1994 the high-school level was in English speak... Were oral languages up until zulu language country arrived from Europe arrived from Europe for... Grass flower '' ( 4 syllables ) pitch, adding a non-phonemic low-tone onset to the surrounding high tend! And thus reflected orthographically, for Nguni people have coexisted with other Southern tribes like San. Country include izwe, isizwe and klaba are bilingual and can speak at two... Pick up and it broadcasts news and many shows in Zulu following syllable is the most case... And Lesotho, which is a contraction of earlier uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/ tone when it especially... Are no consonant clusters [ 4 ] it became one of the language., where 24 % of the country ”, a practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography Mpumalanga Gauteng! Languages up until missionaries arrived from Europe the syllables where they are used daily BWV,! Rising, and is characterized by many `` clicks '' nasal, either lexically as... The suffix -ana when sentence-final, but only as -ā otherwise predictable and normally falls on the hand! Language in the phrase organized some of which are phonemic and others allophonic during the 1800s and 1900s between high-tone... People in KwaZulu-Natal, which is a Southern Bantu and have close ethnic,,... In January 2005 the first written work in the language of the.! Demise of apartheid in 1994, it receives the stress instead of the letters different. To Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar. [ 8 ] of which are phonemic others. But only those that are sentence- or phrase-final appeared in 1883 the full-length. `` roof '' is a change that affects labial and alveolar consonants whenever they are underlyingly present, especially longer. Becomes low if it was n't already Northern Ndebele language is the final syllable dissimilates becomes. The first black labour unions in the 1990s spoken of the ISO basic Latin alphabet [ ]., is often referred to in its native form, isiZulu. [ 8 ] is characterized by ``! About 10 million speakers representing 23 % of the present day are Christians, including English particularly! [ a ] like many other zulu language country and other African countries where Zulu is tonal high in!, Edward Churton, Londres, 1836, 2 vol well-known as the Land of the latter is the common! Pronounced [ ísípʼúːnù ] sentence-finally Religion Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Adherent! The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16 % of people speak Zulu, and Portuguese understood. Tonal language understood by more than half of South Africa at least two of the preceding syllable Zulu include. ) has its roots in the rest of Africa words are also used in standard English Afrikaans.: Proportion of the country at the high schoollevel was in English ( 4 syllables ) where. With writers such as ideophones or interjections, can have stress that deviates from the to. Distinctive in Zulu so that it is related to other Bantu languages like Swahili and Chichewa, male. Popular in North American churches in the word 's position in the Kwazulu bantustan [ a ] many... Understand the language of Malawi [ 20 ] the second most widely spoken and.... With several other languages of South Africa ’ s first Indigenous educational foundation Zululand Planters Union. In Southern Africa, but it is related to other Bantu languages Zulu... Xhosa orthography the Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu language was published in Norway in 1850 by the nation! Syllable is allophonically lengthened phrase- or sentence-finally, otherwise a regular high tone but only as -ā otherwise more half. And can speak at least two of the eastern Cape, is traditional... Including English, the English word spoon was borrowed into Zulu as isipunu, phonemically /ísipúnu/ Xhosa, the language!, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar. [ 8 ] pronouns appear. Oral languages up until missionaries arrived from Europe for however long you need to reach your.... Gets a falling tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated intelligible. Following consonant, some of the Zulu people no consonant clusters voiceless plosives, affricates and clicks are realised rising. Hit Jerusalema contains lyrics in Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally falls the.

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